1. We have let 30 years go by since James Hansen spoke to Congress.
2. We have let emissions continue to rise (left graph).
3. We have found temperatures rising faster and faster.
4. The only way to slow things down and perhaps eventually begin to improve things is negative emissions.
5. Many scientists think this is the only possibiity.
6. Many other scientists think it is ridiculous.
7. There are a number of small demonstration sites.
8. There is no coordination or coordinated evaluation.
9. There is no large (no, massive) R&D program to explore and evaluate.
10. We need a powerful, well-funded (possibly trillions) World Climate Authority to take over running the show.
The Race is Among the Following:
1. How fast we can reduce emissions, being a fair as possible. For every molecule added either causes harm or must be removed.
2. How rapidly can we evaluate the existing methods of negative emissions.
3. How rapidly can we determine if there are better methods.
4. How rapidly could the best method(s) be deployed.
5. What role should nuclear play.
6. What other options do we have.
The Ultimate Measure is sea level rise.
Everything we do ultimately will come down to the cost of ocean level. No matter what we do, it will get worse. We will have category 6 storms, droughts, water shortages, floods, wildfires, and so forth all worse than we have had so far. The question is how much worse and how soon.
The American construction batallions known as the SeaBees in World War II had a slogan:
THE DIFFICULT WE DO RIGHT AWAY. THE IMPOSSIBLE TAKES A LITTLE LONGER.