2. The Future of The Earth


Climate change is being accepted as real and caused by man but how serious it will be depends on many things:

1. How well leaders understand the real imapact

2. Do they have a practical way of reducing emisiions without disasterous effects on their citizens

3. Can they afford the changes in how they generate power

4. Will wealthy nations develop alternatives such as small untra-safe, cost-effective nuclear plants, etc.

t is's very hard to know what this will mean for several reasons:

1, We don't know for centain how serious it will be primarily because we don't know how seriously nations will reduce emissionsunderstanding of how climate change will affect quality of life, and life itself and the enormity of changes in all aspects of life that are necessary and the speed with which these must be accomplished is not comprehended.

Although climate change has caused numerous instances of horrific impact, it is not appreciated that these are just the beginning of the problems. There will be more instances with greateer intensity, size and length of time, continuous disruptions of life and livability of large areas and enormous strains on resources to counteract damages.

Additionally and most significantly, the comprehension of the cost of delay in minimizing impact is totally lacking. When large sums are brought up, responses are that it will hurt the economy, take away from other needs and stress resources. However, it is utterly not understood by leaders and the public that, in the absence of truly major efforts now, the consequences in the future will be horrific in potentially billions of lives lost, huge loss of food production, enormous devestation of coastal aeras by permanent submersion due to sea-level rise, to the point that the earth will no longer be considered, in many populat4ed areas, a viable place to live.

Most significantlythere will soon come a time (if it has not already arrived where temperature increase will be permantlyout of control so that no effort in emission supression or negative emission will be sufficient to deal with the impact.

At present scientists are stressing the large impact if we do not meet the Paris Accord target of 1.5°C and which it is virtuqlly certain we will not meet. Furtheer, many scientists are talking about not meeting the next target of 2.0°C and based on current trends that target will not be met.

Further it is likely growth of economies, need for more power, failure to develop nuclear and negative emission capability, continuing and expanding use of coal will push temperature increase into the 5°C to 7°C range or even higher. At these temperatures consequences will be far more calamatous than any imagined thus far.


President Trump has shown himself on countless occasionss to fail to understand the most basic issues, and to propose solutions that are virtually mindless and no more so than in the area of climate change. In a situation that is the single most serious in the history of our species (at least 400,000 years) he viciously attacks regulations and promotes the worst sourcees of energy. He does virtualluy the exact opposite of what is necessary. He will go down in history as the most intellectually defficient and dangerous of all leaders in recorded history.


In 1942 the Japanese attact on Pearl Harbor changed the United States in one day from pacifist to the role of savoir of the free word.

That is what is necessary now.

However, in 1942 the United States was blessed with President Roosevelt, one of the greatest leaders in history.

In 2019, the United States is plagued with the most corrupt, intellectually defficient leader ever. It is hard to imagine anyone worse.

The outlook for America and for the entire world is grim indeed. It could well be better not to have been born.

Table of Contents

1. Importment time periods

a. short term (2020)]

b. medium term (2040)

c. near long term (2100)

d. medium long term (2200)

e. long term (>2200)

2. Quality of life

a. Upper temperture extremes

b. Days of life-threatening temperture

c. Effect of higher temperatures on food production

d. Total food available for each individual as % of daily requirement

e. Availability of water for growing food

f. Availability of water for drinking

g. Afailability of water for other purposes

h. Quality of water

i. Diseases

j. Coastal flooding

k. Coastal immersion l. Storm profile (type, frequency, area, total rainfall) m. Types of storms n. Frequency of storms o. Total sealevel rise p. Change in aount of land suitaable for living

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